The Highs and Lows of Caffeine
Can You Be Addicted to Caffeine?
- Withdrawal symptoms, such as headache, fatigue, and depression
- Caffeine consumption despite causing physical or psychological problems or making them worse
- Unsuccessful attempts to cut back or control caffeine intake
- Tolerance to caffeine—not getting the desired effect with typical consumption or the need to drink more to get the desired effect
Is It a Habit Worth Breaking?
Who Should Keep Caffeine in Check?
Are You Contemplating Quitting?
A Special Note for Smokers
Caffeine in Common Products
|Beverages, Food, and Over-the-Counter Medicine||
|Coffee (12 oz cup), instant||148|
|Starbucks brewed coffee (16 oz)||330|
|Dunkin’ Donuts regular coffee (14 oz)||178|
|Starbucks Latte (16 oz, 2 shots of espresso)||150|
|Starbucks Espresso, solo (1 oz)||75|
|Decaffeinated coffee (8 oz cup), brewed or instant||7-12|
|Tea (8 oz cup), brewed, black, steeped for 3 minutes||30-80|
|Instant iced tea (8 oz glass)||20-30|
|Starbucks Tazo Chai Tea Latte (16 oz)||95|
|Snapple Lemon Tea (16 oz)||62|
|Arizona Iced Tea (16 oz)||30|
|Soft Drinks (12 oz)|
|Monster Energy (16 oz)||160|
|5-hour Energy (1.9 oz)||208|
|Rockstar (16 oz)||160|
|Red Bull (8.3 oz)||80|
|SoBe Adrenaline Rush (8.4 oz)||80|
|AMP Energy Boost Original (16 oz)||142|
|Starbucks hot chocolate (16 oz cup)||25|
|Hershey's chocolate lowfat milk (12 oz bottle)||2|
|Hershey's Chocolate Bar (1.6 oz)||9|
|Hershey's Special Dark Bar (1.5 oz)||20|
|Hershey's Kisses (9 pieces)||9|
|Anacin (2 tablets)||64|
|Excedrin Migraine (2 tablets)||130|
|No-Doz, Vivarin (1 caplet)||200|
Food Insight International Food Information Council http://www.ific.org
National Coffee Association USA http://www.ncausa.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
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Functional dyspepsia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 20, 2012. Accessed February 26, 2013.
Heart health: caffeine. University of Wisconsin-Madison website. Available at: http://www.uwhealth.org/healthfacts/B%5FEXTRANET%5FHEALTH%5FINFORMATION-FlexMember-Show%5FPublic%5FHFFY%5F1124842471958.html. Updated July 24, 2012. Accessed February 26, 2013.
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Leviton A, Allred EN. Correlates of decaffeinated coffee choice. Epidemiology . 1994;5:537-540.
Kirkinen P, Jouppila P, Koivula A, et al. The effect of caffeine on placental and fetal blood flow in human pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1983 Dec;147(8):939-42.
Medication and drug exposure in pregnancy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated January 23, 2013. Accessed February 11, 2013.
Oei SG, Vosters RP, van der Hagen NL. Fetal arrhythmia caused by excessive intake of caffeine by pregnant women. BMJ .1989;298:1075-1076.
Pennington J. Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. 16th ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1994:381-383.
Puccio EM, McPhillips JB, Barrett-Conner E, et al. Clustering of atherogenic behaviors in coffee drinkers. Am J Public Health. 1990 Nov;80(11):1310-3.
Questions and answers about energy drinks and health. International Food Information Center website. Available at: http://www.foodinsight.org/Resources/Detail.aspx?topic=Questions%5Fand%5FAnswers%5FAbout%5FEnergy%5FDrinks%5Fand%5FHealth%5F. Updated May 31, 2011. Accessed February 11, 2013.
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- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 02/2013 -
- Update Date: 02/26/2013 -