(Ovariectomy; Salpingo-Oophorectomy; Bilateral Oophorectomy; Oophorectomy, Bilateral)
|The Female Reproductive System|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Reasons for Procedure
- Changes in sex drive
- Hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause if both ovaries are removed
- Depression and other forms of psychological distress
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Blood clots, particularly in the veins of the legs
- Damage to other organs
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Physical exam
- Blood and urine tests
- Ultrasound —a test that uses sound waves to examine the inside of the body
- CT scan —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the body
Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure, like:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen
- Blood thinners
- Anti-platelet medications
- Eat a light dinner the night before the procedure. After midnight, do not eat or drink anything, including water.
- Arrange for a ride home and for help at home.
Description of Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Abdominal incision—2-5 days
- Laparoscopic procedure—1 day
- On the first night, you may be instructed to sit up in bed, or walk a short distance.
- The next morning, the IV will probably be removed if you are eating and drinking well.
- You may need to wear special socks or boots to help prevent blood clots.
- You may have a Foley catheter for a short time to help you urinate.
- Slowly increase your activities. Begin with light chores, short walks, and some driving. Depending on your job, you may be able to return to work. Returning to normal activities takes 2-6 weeks, depending on the type of surgery.
- To promote healing, eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables .
- Ask your doctor when you can resume sexual activity.
- Some women may experience emotional changes after their ovaries are removed. Counseling and/or a support group may help.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Persistent or increased vaginal bleeding or discharge
- Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
- Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medications you were given after surgery, or which last for more than two days after discharge from the hospital
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision sites
- Difficulty urinating
- Swelling, redness, or pain in your leg
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Feeling depressed
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Cancer of the ovary. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq096.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130214T0953249629. Updated August 2011. Accessed January 7, 2014.
Endometrial cancer treatment. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/endometrial/Patient/page4#Keypoint14. Updated November 22, 2013. Accessed June 8, 2008.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/07/2014 -