Early Heart Attack Care (EHAC)

Facts:

  • Heart attack is the number one killer of the adult population in the United States.
  • In more than half of the cases, the heart attack can be prevented with early treatment – before damage to the heart can occur.
  • In many cases, the early symptoms of heart attack do not knock the person to the ground with a cardiac arrest or cause severe chest pain.

Heart attack symptoms:

  • Specific Heart Attack Symptoms
  • Chest Pain

    • May be described as:
      • Chest discomfort
      • Chest pressure
      • Chest ache
      • Chest burning
      • Chest fullness
    • May start or worsen with exercise or be relieved with rest or nitroglycerin
  • Non-specific Heart Attack Symptoms
    • Shortness of breath
    • Nausea/Vomiting
    • Indigestion
    • Dizziness / nervousness
    • Clammy / Sweating
    • Discomfort not located in the chest, but may be located in the neck, jaw, ear, arm or stomach area
    • Fainting
    • Feeling of DOOM
    • Weakness / fatigue

Heart attacks have beginnings:

  • These “beginnings” may consist of milder chest symptoms that seem to come and go…
  • Many people with these milder symptoms ignore them
    • “It’s only heartburn. I’ll wait it out.”
    • “It’s nothing really serious. I’ll just rest a bit.”
    • “I’m too busy. I don’t have time to be sick!”
    • “If it turns out to be nothing, I’ll be embarrassed by the fuss made…”

The right thing to do:

  • Have early symptoms checked out. If you are a friend, family or bystander, suggest symptoms be checked out. Better safe than sorry!
  • Call 911. Paramedics have excellent evaluation tools.
  • If he or she refuses to seek help, enlist friend or family members to help you convince them.
  • Be personal and persistent. Sit, talk and try to relieve any tension and don’t go away!
  • When he or she agrees, congratulate them on their good judgment.
  • f all else fails, take charge and be aggressive about getting the person to the hospital.

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of a heart attack saves lives!

Act wisely!

A

  Acknowledge the problem


C

  Be Calm


T

  Be Tenacious and do not give in



W

  Be Willing to spend the time


I

  Be Influential


S

  Keep it Simple


E

  Be Empathetic


L

  Link the patient with early symptoms to medical care - CALL 911


Y

  Say Yes - I'll pay attention