Early Heart Attack Care (EHAC)


  • Heart attack is the number one killer of the adult population in the United States.
  • In more than half of the cases, the heart attack can be prevented with early treatment – before damage to the heart can occur.
  • In many cases, the early symptoms of heart attack do not knock the person to the ground with a cardiac arrest or cause severe chest pain.

Heart attack symptoms:

  • Specific Heart Attack Symptoms
  • Chest Pain

    • May be described as:
      • Chest discomfort
      • Chest pressure
      • Chest ache
      • Chest burning
      • Chest fullness
    • May start or worsen with exercise or be relieved with rest or nitroglycerin
  • Non-specific Heart Attack Symptoms
    • Shortness of breath
    • Nausea/Vomiting
    • Indigestion
    • Dizziness / nervousness
    • Clammy / Sweating
    • Discomfort not located in the chest, but may be located in the neck, jaw, ear, arm or stomach area
    • Fainting
    • Feeling of DOOM
    • Weakness / fatigue

Heart attacks have beginnings:

  • These “beginnings” may consist of milder chest symptoms that seem to come and go…
  • Many people with these milder symptoms ignore them
    • “It’s only heartburn. I’ll wait it out.”
    • “It’s nothing really serious. I’ll just rest a bit.”
    • “I’m too busy. I don’t have time to be sick!”
    • “If it turns out to be nothing, I’ll be embarrassed by the fuss made…”

The right thing to do:

  • Have early symptoms checked out. If you are a friend, family or bystander, suggest symptoms be checked out. Better safe than sorry!
  • Call 911. Paramedics have excellent evaluation tools.
  • If he or she refuses to seek help, enlist friend or family members to help you convince them.
  • Be personal and persistent. Sit, talk and try to relieve any tension and don’t go away!
  • When he or she agrees, congratulate them on their good judgment.
  • f all else fails, take charge and be aggressive about getting the person to the hospital.

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of a heart attack saves lives!

Act wisely!


  Acknowledge the problem


  Be Calm


  Be Tenacious and do not give in


  Be Willing to spend the time


  Be Influential


  Keep it Simple


  Be Empathetic


  Link the patient with early symptoms to medical care - CALL 911


  Say Yes - I'll pay attention